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Heat Stress Triggers Differential Protein Accumulation in the Extracellular Matrix of Sorghum Cell Suspension Cultures

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dc.contributor.author Ngcala, Mamosa G.
dc.contributor.author Goche, Tatenda
dc.contributor.author Brown, Adrian P.
dc.contributor.author Chivasa, Stephen
dc.contributor.author Ngara, Rudo
dc.date.accessioned 2022-10-26T17:46:18Z
dc.date.available 2022-10-26T17:46:18Z
dc.date.issued 2020-10-22
dc.identifier.uri doi:10.3390/proteomes8040029
dc.identifier.uri http://ir.gsu.ac.zw:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/63
dc.description.abstract Plants reprogram gene expression as an adaptive response to survive high temperatures. While the identity and functions of intracellular heat stress-responsive proteins have been extensively studied, the heat response of proteins secreted to the extracellular matrix is unknown. Here, we used Sorghum bicolor, a species adapted for growth in hot climates, to investigate the extracellular heat-induced responses. When exposed to 40 ◦C for 72 h, heat-sensitive Arabidopsis cell suspension cultures died, while ICSB338 sorghum cell cultures survived by activation of a transcriptional response characterized by the induction of HSP70 and HSP90 genes. Quantitative proteomic analysis of proteins recovered from cell culture medium revealed specific heat stress-induced protein accumulation within the sorghum secretome. Of the 265 secreted proteins identified, 31 responded to heat (≥2-fold change), with 84% possessing a predicted signal peptide for targeting to the classical secretory pathway. The differentially accumulated proteins have putative functions in metabolism, detoxification, and protein modifications. A germin (SORBI_3003G427700) was highly heat-inducible at both protein and gene level. Overall, our study reveals new insights into sorghum responses to heat and provides a useful resource of extracellular proteins that could serve as targets for developing thermotolerant crops. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD021536. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by the National Research Foundation, grants 93612 and 113966, and the Royal Society Newton Advanced Fellowship, grant NA160140. M.G.N. and T.G. were supported by bursaries from the National Research Foundation and the University of the Free State. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Proteomes;2020, 8, 29.
dc.subject sorghum; cell suspension cultures; heat stress; heat shock proteins; secreted proteins; quantitative proteomics; gene expression analysis en_US
dc.title Heat Stress Triggers Differential Protein Accumulation in the Extracellular Matrix of Sorghum Cell Suspension Cultures en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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